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How Can Surge Protection Avoid Damages Today’s sensitive technology can be very susceptible to power surges that would create big problems. Different events could cause power surges, examples of which are lightning or a car hammering into a power pole. Among these events, a lightning can be the most devastating because of the surge it can deliver thereby blowing your equipment to pieces. There will be two events that will cause surges when a lightning deliver surges with a range of Amps to over 300,000. A direct effect is experienced when a lightning hits directly on a structure and its resulting energy would go its way to the earth through the structure. On the other hand, the effects of an indirect lightning strike are considered to be more devastating since it is not as obvious as when it is hitting directly on the structure.
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It is said that many power surges are caused by people, with 60% of all surges and transients caused by industrial switching. Considered as the most spectacular is the lightning power surges which contribute to about 20% of power surges.
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A few of events created by man that would result to power surges are substation faults, internal plant failure extending to areas in the factory, and inductive loads whenever motors, generators and compressors are started. Another condition that will create power surge is being situated at the end of the grid that would expose you to a large voltage variance, or over and under voltage situations and general interference. There are also the natural events that will cause power surges, and these include any weather related events like earthquakes, tremors and so on. Be informed also that there are power surges with no real cause of events. Be aware that all surges and transients can have access to your machineries and equipment via power lines, data/signal lines, telecommunication lines, and poor earthing. We usually get advice in the past that we can protect our expensive equipment by disconnecting it from the power point whenever we hear thunder. You can protect your equipment by 20% of the power surges if you happen to be at home and can detach your equipment from the power point. Fortunately, there are now effective solutions today that will give surge protection for all equipment without having to disconnect it from their power point, and these are surge diverters and surge filters. Known as the shunt or parallel connected protector, the surge diverters is the basic from of protection wherein the large portion of energy from the incoming surge is diverted to the ground and this system is designed to function as such. Also known as series connected protector, the surge filters operates by cutting the incoming cable and wire it to the filter, and because of this, the filter is rated to reflect the load of the equipment. In order to protect sensitive electronics, it is recommended to use surge filters.